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Gecamines plans overhaul of mining JVs in world’s top cobalt supplier

THE Democratic Republic of Congo’s state miner is broadening a push to extract more from its copper and cobalt joint ventures, seeking to negotiate for higher stakes across the board to gain leverage in the management of some of its biggest mines.

Gecamines is also leveraging existing shareholding in mines to negotiate off-take contracts to trade copper and cobalt on its own.

The miner wants more local executives on boards governing joint ventures to have a greater say in how assets are managed, Guy Robert Lukama, the Gecamines chairman, told Reuters.

The plans may mean overhauling some terms of agreements that Gecamines deems unfavourable to capitalise on the world’s scramble for supplies of minerals critical to the global green energy transition.


“We want to repair a certain stage of mistakes that were made when they asked us to give most of our best assets to third parties just to attract foreign direct investment,” said the chairman of the state miner, which at its peak in 1986 produced more than 490,000 tons of copper and cobalt – but is now a shadow of its former self.

Chinese mining companies have been key to driving output in the world’s biggest supplier of cobalt, a key component in batteries for electric vehicles and mobile phones. Congo is also the world’s third-largest copper producer.

President Felix Tshisekedi’s government had previously said some deals were heavily skewed in favour of China, forcing some state-backed firms to find an additional $1 billion in a renegotiated infrastructure for minerals pact.

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Board representation in the mines could ensure accountability, transparency, community development and compliance with rules on local procurement and training of Congolese staff, Lukama said.

He added that some mines aren’t investing in expanding output, citing prolonged levels of indebtedness. A lack of oversight could be behind the huge debts, which he said is depriving the state miner of returns.

Lukama questioned why some of its partners are reporting losses and scaling down production because of a slump in cobalt’s value while copper prices have remained elevated. In Congo, cobalt output is a by-product of copper.

“We can no longer accept this level of debt while people don’t put capital into the assets,” he said.

“We are not sleeping partners in our own country. We should be part of the governance.”

The Democratic Republic of Congo President Felix Tshisekedi arrives to be sworn in for a second term as president during the inauguration ceremony at Martyrs Stadium in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo January 20, 2024. REUTERS/Justin Makangara


Last year’s deal with China’s CMOC Group secured Gecamines a right to acquire copper and cobalt produced from Tenke Fungurume Mining equal to its 20% stake, on market terms. Gecamines also scored an $800 million settlement to end a dispute over mineral royalties and $1.2 billion in dividends over the life of the Tenke mine.

The deals have prompted Gecamines’ push to trade copper and cobalt at projects with partners including Glencore and Zijin Mining.

Gecamines’ partners had retained full off-take rights because they used debt to build the projects, Lukama said.


“The off-take was there to secure the flows of repayment of the debt, now the debt is repaid, why should they keep it 100%.”

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Lukama said some terms need to be reviewed as investors aren’t meeting expectations, with communities not better off despite the mining boom.

He declined to say which companies are not meeting expectations.

Changes to the mining code in 2018 bolstered Gecamines’ powers to seek reviews of terms in mining contracts and boosted the minimum state participation threshold, said Andrew Smith, a senior Africa analyst at risk intelligence company Verisk Maplecroft.

“DR Congo does have a history of pressurising mining companies into ceding shares,” Smith said.

“Measures such as asserting that firms have not paid adequate royalties or taxes by underreporting revenues and production have been used in the past.”